National Projects

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PERMANENT. Materiali e componenti avanzati per celle a combustibile PEM con innovativa strutturazione multi-scala per il miglioramento di durabilità e stabilità

Responsabili: MUSTARELLI PIERCARLO
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Bando: Avviso pubblico finalizzato alla selezione di proposte progettuali inerenti attività di ricerca fondamentale nell’ambito del piano nazionale di ripresa e resilienza (PNRR), Missione 2 “Rivoluzione verde e transizione ecologica”, componente 2 “Energia rinn
Enti finanziatori: MINISTERO DELL'AMBIENTE E DELLA SICUREZZA ENERGETICA

PNRR per la Missione 4, componente 2 Investimento 1.1- Avviso 104/2022 | Enabling high-energy, room temperature all solid-state lithium metal batteries with advanced polymer-based electrolytes and high-voltage cathodes through enhanced interface control (EnabLi)

Responsabili: RUFFO RICCARDO
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Bando: Bando PRIN 2022
Enti finanziatori: MINISTERO DELL'UNIVERSITA' E DELLA RICERCA (MUR)

PNRR per la Missione 4, componente 2 Investimento 1.1- Avviso 104/2022 | Enhanced metals Recovery by COordination chemistry from Lithium batteries wastE - ERCOLE

Responsabili: FERRARA CHIARA
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Bando: Bando PRIN 2022
Enti finanziatori: MINISTERO DELL'UNIVERSITA' E DELLA RICERCA (MUR)

PNRR per la Missione 4, componente 2 Investimento 1.1- Avviso 104/2022 | Hybrid Quantum Dot-Polymer Nanocomposite Scintillators for Advanced Radiation Detection (IRONSIDE)

Responsabili: BROVELLI SERGIO
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Bando: Bando PRIN 2022
Enti finanziatori: MINISTERO DELL'UNIVERSITA' E DELLA RICERCA (MUR)

PNRR per la Missione 4, componente 2 Investimento 1.1- Avviso 104/2022 | LUMINescent gArNet CEramics and nanocrystals: material properties understanding and scintillation applications - LUMINANCE

Ionizing radiation, especially X-rays and γ photons, are essential in many tools and techniques developed for bioimaging. The most common application regards their use in direct medical imaging such as radiography and tomography. In such applications, the main building blocks of radiation Read more detectors are scintillating materials, that absorb and down-convert the energy deposited by the incoming ionizing radiation to low-energy UV-Vis-IR light, which is then easily read out by common photodetectors. A valuable class of scintillating materials is represented by rare-earth doped garnets; indeed, garnets in the form of single crystals are already used in some medical instrument and are also promising candidates for Time of Flight Positron Emission Tomography (TOF-PET) detectors where stringent requirements on fast time response are crucial to optimize the spatial localization of the tumours and detection accuracy. Moreover, they can be easily obtained as micro- and nano-sized powders and, in this form, they can be used as phosphors in optical bioimaging. The latter technique consists in the inoculation of the nanoparticles in the tissues to be treated and the imaging occurs through laser-stimulated luminescence in the biological window where tissue absorbance is minimal (700 – 1350 nm). However, this approach presents some drawbacks: the signal monitoring is difficult since excitation and emission lights are close in frequency, and more importantly, the laser power needed is very high and may lead to skin damage and to autofluorescence. The LUMINANCE project aims at the improvement of the scintillation properties of rare-earth doped garnets designed to help the medical community in overcoming two specific needs in bioimaging. Firstly, a new approach in optical bioimaging will be explored by using YAG (Y3Al5O12) nanoparticles doped with near infrared emitting rare earths (Yb, Nd, or Er). This enables the use of low dose x-rays as excitation source instead of lasers, thus eliminating autofluorescence, tissue damages, and detector overexposure. Secondly, we will deepen the structure-property relationships of bulk GGAG (Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12) mixed garnet doped with Ce with the aim of obtaining fast and performing scintillators for TOF-PET detectors. The major strength of the project is the use of rare-earth doped garnet optical ceramics. They can be easily produced with the desired size and shape, not achievable by their single crystal counterparts, but with comparable optical quality, and more affordable costs. Therefore, for the development of YAG nanophosphors, we will use optical ceramics as a transparent testing platform to identify the best doping level and type; on the other hand, we will get performing bulk GGAG as high-quality optical ceramic, also investigating the differences in using nanoparticles or mixed powders as starting materials. Finally, the two proposed solutions will be validated in proof-of-concept experiments.

Responsabili: LORENZI ROBERTO
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Bando: Bando PRIN 2022
Enti finanziatori: MINISTERO DELL'UNIVERSITA' E DELLA RICERCA (MUR)

PNRR per la Missione 4, componente 2 Investimento 1.1- Avviso 104/2022 | Rethinking Perovskite Solar Cells From A Circular Economy Perspective - REPLACE

Responsabili: SASSI MAURO
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Bando: Bando PRIN 2022
Enti finanziatori: MINISTERO DELL'UNIVERSITA' E DELLA RICERCA (MUR)

PNRR per la Missione 4, componente 2 Investimento 1.1- Avviso 104/2022 | Self-healing strategies towards next-generation lithium rechargeable batteries (HEALIB)

Responsabili: MUSTARELLI PIERCARLO
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Bando: Bando PRIN 2022
Enti finanziatori: MINISTERO DELL'UNIVERSITA' E DELLA RICERCA (MUR)

PRIN 2022 PNRR- Missione 4, Componente 2, Investimento 1.1 - Avviso 1409/22 - Photo(Electro)catalysts for Renewable FuEls produCTion (PERFECT)

The pandemic crisis, the numerous public demonstrations in support of climate and ecological justice, and the recent energetic crisis have pointed out the actual importance of reaching a rapid and complete ecological transition towards technological sustainability and energetic independence. Even Read more if it is well known that the quality of life of the global population is strictly related with the degree of accessibility to energy sources, this simple assumption hides behind itself several issues and criticalities, one above all the correlation existing between the remarkable ecological implications caused by traditional fossil fuels extraction, motions and consumption (with emission of greenhouse gasses, GHG, in the atmosphere) for providing energy, and the increment in soils, water, and air pollution at the basis of the serious climate change that is affecting our planet. The National Recovery and Resilience Plan (NRRP), part of the Next Generation EU financial program, aims at accomplishing relevant scientific and technological advancements in the direction of the green revolution and ecological transition. In this context, photo(electro)chemistry is a very promising and appealing technology able to accomplish the conversion of renewable sources into fuels for energy applications in a greener way. Hence, photo(electro)catalyzed processes involving the CO2 (the major GHG from air pollution) reduction into valuable C2+ products (CO2RR), and hydrogen evolution (HER) from water splitting are among the major promising chemical routes for energy production, alternatives to the traditional fossil fuels. The possibility of exploiting these routes to produce energy at large scale is still strongly affected by the selection of both promising catalysts and suitable process parameters, thus fundamental research is needed to fully understand the driving factors that allow these technologies to be fully exploitable. The PERFECT project aims at investigating in depth the photo(electro)-induced catalytic activities of Cu-containing compounds in CO2RR and HER, by monitoring how changes at the catalyst and process parameters level might enhance the yield of conversion and selectivity of the final products. This approach requires a preliminary survey of the different catalysts (Milestone 1), a deep investigation of possible morphological effects (Milestone 2), and the investigation of possible effects induced by process parameters (Milestone 3). This way, important technological guidelines useful for addressing the still unsolved technological demands in terms of the efficient design of both catalyst and process will be provided. Hence, to realize the project aims, we set up a relatively young and multidisciplinary consortium made up of scientists with expertise in the synthesis of catalytic materials (Project PI, R. Nisticò, UNIMIB), their application in photo(electro)catalysis (M.V. Dozzi, UNIMI), and advanced characterizations (L. Mino, UNITO).

Responsabili: NISTICO' ROBERTO
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Bando: Bando PRIN 2022
Enti finanziatori: M.I.U.R. - MINISTERO DELL'ISTRUZIONE, DELL'UNIVERSITA' E DELLA RICERCA

PRIN 2022 PNRR- Missione 4, Componente 2, Investimento 1.1 - Avviso 1409/22 - Rational Design of Single-Atom Catalysts for Light-to-H Conversion (SACtoH2)

Responsabili: DI LIBERTO GIOVANNI
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Bando: Bando PRIN 2022
Enti finanziatori: M.I.U.R. - MINISTERO DELL'ISTRUZIONE, DELL'UNIVERSITA' E DELLA RICERCA

PRIN 2022 PNRR- Missione 4, Componente 2, Investimento 1.1 -Avviso 1409/22 - Hydrogen, electricity, and clean water from recycled nickel and urea (CYCLE-E)

Responsabili: DI VALENTIN CRISTIANA
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Bando: Bando PRIN 2022
Enti finanziatori: M.I.U.R. - MINISTERO DELL'ISTRUZIONE, DELL'UNIVERSITA' E DELLA RICERCA